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 List of Rulers Thru Rome

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PostSubject: List of Rulers Thru Rome   Tue Dec 22, 2009 8:00 pm

Egyptian Kings (Pharaohs), Governors and
other Rulers

The Kings of Egypt were not called Pharaohs by the ancient
Egyptians. This word was used by the Greeks and Hebrews, and today
is commonly used for the ancient Kings of Egypt. We really do not
know how many kings ruled in Egypt, for at times in its ancient past
the country was split up, and there were at least several kings at
the same time. There was also probably kings who ruled regions of
Egypt before recorded history, and in fact, several ancient
historians record legendary Pharaohs who became Egyptian gods.
See also from our Feature Articles:



<blockquote>



General Topics Related to Kings



  • An Overview of Kings

  • Was
    the Phraoh Divine?
  • Ancient
    Egyptian Regalia
  • Early
    Dynastic Kings, Part I
  • Early
    Dynastic Kings, Part II
  • Royal
    Cults of Ancient Egypt
  • Royal
    Titles of the Ancient Pharaohs




Topics Related to Specific Kings


  • The
    Scorpion King by Marie Parsons
  • The
    Catfish King, Also Known as Narmer by Marie Parsons
  • Who
    Was Menes


For the Earliest known Kings prior to the 1st Dynasty, see


  • Naqada
    III: Dynasty 0


</blockquote>

EARLY DYNASTIC



PERIOD




1st Dynasty



(3050 - 2890)



Little actual history is known of the pharaohs of the



early dynasties. Their monuments, however, are some of



the most studied artifacts in the world.



Horus Aha
Djer (Itit)
Djet (Wadj)



Den (Udimu)



Anendjib



Semerkhet



Qa'a



2nd Dynasty



(3890-2686)




Hetepsekhemwy
(Hotepsekhemwy)
Reneb (Nebra)
Ninetjer (Nynetjer)



Peribsen
(Seth-Peribsen)



Khasekhemwy



OLD KINGDOM



The age of the Pyramid. The pyramids of



Giza and Dahshur are built during this period.



3rd Dynasty



Sanakhte
(Nebka) 2650 - 2630
Netjerykhet (Djoser) 2630 - 2611



Sekhemkhet (Djoser
Teti) 2611 - 2603



Khaba 2603 - 2599
Huni 2599 - 2575



4th Dynasty



Snefru 2575 - 2551



Khufu (Cheops) 2551 - 2528



Djedefre 2528 - 2520
Khafre (Chephren) 2520 - 2494
Menkaure (Mycerinus) 2490 - 2472
Shepseskaf 2472 - 2467



5th Dynasty



Userkaf 2465 - 2458



Sahure 2458 - 2446







Neferirkare Kakai 2477-2467







Shepseskare Ini 2426 - 2419
Neferefre 2419 - 2416
Niuserre Izi 2453 - 2422
Menkauhor 2422 - 2414
Djedkare Izezi 2388 - 2356
Unas 2375-2345



6th Dynasty



Teti
2345 - 2333



Pepy I
(Meryre) 2332 - 2283
Merenre Nemtyemzaf 2283 2278
Pepy II (Neferkare) 2278 - 2184



FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD



This was a very troubled time. There was a breakdown



of centralized government, with many kings having



overlapping reigns. Montuhotep established order from his



capital at Thebes.



7th and 8th Dynasties



2150 - 2135



Netrikare



Menkare



Neferkare II



Neferkare III



Djedkare II



Neferkare IV



Merenhor



Menkamin I



Nikare



Neferkare V



Neferkahor



Neferkare VI



Neferkamin II



Ibi I



Neferkaure



Neferkauhor



Neferirkare II



Attested Kings about whom nothing more is known



Wadjkare



Sekhemkare



Iti



Imhotep



Isu



Iytenu



9th and 10th Dynasties



2135 - 1986



Neferkare



several kings named Kheti



Meri-Hathor (?)



Merikare



11th Dynasty



Inyotef I (Sehertawy) 2134 - 2117



Inyotef II (Wahankh) 2117-2069
Inyotef III (Nakhtnebtepnefer) 2069 - 2060



MIDDLE KINGDOM



This period is marked with foreign trade and enormous



building projects. There is a refinement in the making of



jewelry. Prosperity and renaissance existed for a long



period of time, but eventually, internal problems become



apparent.



11th Dynasty
Mentuhotep II 2055 -2004
Mentuhotep III (Sankhkare) 2004 - 1992
Mentuhotep IV (Nebtawyre) 1992 - 1987



12th Dynasty



Amenemhet I
(Sehetepibre) 1991 - 1962
Senusret I (Kheperkare) 1956 - 1911
Amenemhet II (Nubkaure) 1911 - 1877
Senusret II
(Khakheperre) 1877



- 1870
Senusret III
(Khakaure) 1836 -



1817
Amenemhet III (Nimaatre) 1817 -



1772
Amenemhet IV (Maakherure) 1772



- 1763



Neferusobek
(Sobekkare) 1763 -



1759



SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD



The Hyksos invade and conquer. Eventually the Theban



princes regain power. Kamose defeats the Hyksos.



13th Dynasty



Wegaf 1783-1779



Amenemhat-senebef



Sekhemre-khutawi



Amenemhat V



Sehetepibre I



Iufni



Amenemhat VI



Semenkare



Sehetepibre II



Sewadjkare



Nedjemibre



Sobekhotep I



Reniseneb



Hor I



Amenemhat VII



Sobekhotep II



Khendjer



Imira-mesha



Antef IV



Seth



Sobekhotep III



Neferhotep I 1696 - 1686



Sihathor 1685 - 1685



Sobekhotep IV 1685 - 1678



Sobekhotep V 1678 - 1674



Iaib 1674 - 1664



Ay 1664 - 1641



Ini I



Sewadjtu



Ined



Hori



Sobekhotep VI



Dedumes I



Ibi II



Hor II



Senebmiu



Sekhanre I



Merkheperre



Merikare



14th Dynasty



Nehesi



Khatire



Nebfaure



Sehabre



Meridjefare



Sewadjkare



Heribre



Sankhibre



Kanefertemre



Neferibre



Ankhkare, ...



15th Dynasty



Salitis



Bnon



Apachnan (Khian)



Apophis (Auserre Apepi)



Khamudi



16th Dynasty



Anat-Her



User-anat



Semqen



Zaket



Wasa



Qar



Pepi III



Bebankh



Nebmaatre



Nikare II



Aahotepre



Aaneterire



Nubankhre



Nubuserre



Khauserre



Khamure



Jacob-Baal



Yakbam



Yoam



Amu, ...



17th Dynasty



Antef V



Rahotep



Sobekemzaf I



Djehuti



Mentuhotep VII



Nebirau I



Nebirau II



Semenenre



Suserenre



Sobekemzaf II



Antef VI



Antef VIITao I (Senakhtenre)



Tao II (Sekenenre)



Kamose (Wadjkheperre)



NEW KINGDOM



Extreme prosperity and renaissance in art and building



projects mark the beginning of this period. Towards the



end of the 19th Dynasty the increasing power of the



priesthood corrupts the central government. During the



20th Dynasty tomb robbing is done by officials. The



priesthood becomes hereditary and begins to assume



secular power. The government breaks down.



18th Dynasty



Ahmose
(Nebpehtyre) 1539 - 1514



Amenhotep I
(Djeserkare) 1514 -



1493




Thutmose I
(Akheperkare) 1493 -



1481
Thutmose II (Akheperenre) 1491 - 1479
Hatshepsut (Maatkare) 1473 - 1458
Thutmose III (Menkheperre) 1504 - 1450
Amenhotep II (Akheperure) 1427 -



1392
Thutmose IV
(Menkheperure) 1419 - 1386



Amenhotep III
(Nebmaatre) 1382 -



1344







Amenhotep IV / Akhenaten 1350 - 1334







Smenkhkare (Ankhkheperure) 1336-1334



Tutankhamun
(Nebkheperure) 1334 - 1325







Ay (Kheperkheperure) 1325 - 1321



Horemheb (Djeserkheperure) 1323 -



1295
19th Dynasty
Ramesses I
(Menpehtyre)



1295 - 1294



Seti I
(Menmaatre) 1394 - 1279



Ramesses II (Usermaatresetepenre) 1279 - 1213



Merenptah
(Baenrehotephirmaat)



1213 - 1203



Amenmesse
(Menmire) 1203 - 1200







Seti II (Userkheperuresetepenre) 1200 - 1194







Siptah (Akhenresetepenre) 1194 - 1188







Tausert (Sitremeritamun) 1185-1187



20th Dynasty



Setakht
(Userkhauremeryamun) 1186 - 1184
Ramesses III (Usermaatremeryamun) 1184 - 1153
Ramesses IV (Hekamaatresetepenamun) 1153 - 1147
Ramesses V



(Usermaatresekheperenre) 1147 - 1143



Ramesses VI (Nebmaatremeryamun)



1143 - 1136



Ramesses VII



(Usermaatresetepenre) 1136 - 1129



Ramesses VIII



(Usermaatreakhenamun) 1129 - 1126



Ramesses IX



(Neferkaresetepenre) 1126 - 1108



Ramesses X



(Khepermaatresetepenre) 1108 - 1099



Ramesses XI
(Menmaatresetepenptah) 1099 - 1069







THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD



The capital moves from Tanis to Libyan,



to Nubia, to Thebes, to SAIS, and then back to Nubia and



Thebes.



21st Dynasty







Northern Kings Southern Rulers at Thebes
Smedes 1070-1044 Herihor 1080-1074
Amenemnisu 1040



Piankh 1074-1070
Psusennes I 1040-992



Pinedjem I 1070-1032
Amenope 993-984



Masaherta 1054-1046
Osochor 984-978 Menkheperre 1045-992
Siamun 978-959



Smendes II 992-990
Psusennes II 959-945



Pinedjem II 990-969

Psusennes III 969-945





22nd Dynasty



Shoshenq I 945-924



Osorkon I 924-909



Takelot 909--?



Shoshenq II ?--883
Osorkon II 883-855
Takelot II 860-835



Shoshenq III 835-783



Pami 783-773



Shoshenq IV 773-735



Osorkon IV 735-712







23rd Dynasty



Pedubaste I 828-803



Osorkon IV 777-749



Peftjauwybast 740-725







24th Dynasty



Shepsesre Tefnakht I



725-720



Wahkare Bakenranef 720-715







LATE KINGDOM



The Nubians fall under the Assyrians



invasion. The Greeks help re-establish order. A



renaissance in the arts of the 25th Dynasty shows a



return to the Old Kingdom style.



25th Dynasty



Piye
747-716 BC
Shebaka 712-698



Shebitku 698-690



Taharqa 690-664



Tantamani 664-657







26th Dynasty



Psammetichus I (Psam-tik) 664-610



Nekau (Necho)
II 610-595
Psammetichus II 595-589
Apries 589-570







Amasis 570-526



Psammetichus III 526-525







27th Dynasty



Cambyses 525-522



Darius I 521-486



Xerxes I 486-466



Artaxerxes I 465-424



Darius II 424-404







28th Dynasty



Amyrtaios 404-399



29th Dynasty



Nepherites I 399-393



Psammuthis 393



Hakoris 393-380



Nepherites II 380







30th Dynasty



The 30th Dynasty contains the last of the



Egyptian-born Pharaohs.



Nectanebo I 380-362



Teos 365-360



Nectanebo II 360-343







SECOND PERSIAN PERIOD (343-332



B.C.)




31st Dynasty



The 31st Dynasty in also known as the Second



Persian Period and was added after Manetho created his



list of kings..




Ochus (Artaxerxes



III) 343-338



Arses



338-336



Darius



III Codomannus 335-332




GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD (332 B.C. -



395 A.D.)




Macedonian Kings - Alexandria



Alexander the Great 332-323



Philip Arrhidaeus 323-316



Alexander IV 316-304







Ptolemaic Dynasty



This period is confusing due to all of the



co-regencies. Scholars are not always in agreement on the



order of reigns and, in some case, the reigns themselves,



from Ptolemy VI through Ptolemy XI. In any event, Egypt's



authority and wealth was intact until the death of



Cleopatra, at which time, Egypt was overpowered by Rome.



Ptolemy I Soter I 323-285
Ptolemy II Philadelphus 282-246



Ptolemy III Euergeter I 246-222



Ptolemy IV Philopator 222-205
Ptolemy V Epiphanes 205-180
Ptolemy VI Philometor 180-164



163-145



Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator 145



Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II



170-163 &



145-116



Cleopatra III & Ptolemy IX



Soter II 116-107 &



88-80



Cleopatra III & Ptolemy X



Alexander I 107-88



Cleopatra Berenice 81-80



Ptolemy XI Alexander II 80



Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos 80-58



&



55-51



Berenice IV 58-55



Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy



XIII 51-47



Cleopatra & Ptolemy XIV 47-44



Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XV Cesarion 44-30 BC







Roman Emperors



Augustus 30 B.C. - 14 A.D.



Tiberius 14-37



Gaius Caligula 37-41



Claudius 41-54



Nero 54-68



Galba 68-69
Otho 69
Vitellius 69



Vespasianus 69-79



Titus 79-81



Domitianus (Domitian) 81-96



Nerva 96-98



Trajanus (Trajan) 98-117



Hadrianus (Hadrian) 117-138



Antoninus Pius 138-161



Marcus Aurelius 161-180



Lucius Verrus



Commodus 180-192
Pertinax 193
Didius Julianus 193



Septimus Severus 193-211



Caracalla 211-217
Macrinus 217-218
Heliogabalus 218-222
Alexander Severus 222-235
Maximinus 235-238
Pupienus 238
Gordianus 238-244
Philippus 244-249
Decius 249-251
Gallus 251-253
Valerianus 253-260
Gallienus 260-268
Claudius II 268-270
Aurelianus 270-275
Tacitus 275-276
Florianus 276
Probus 276-282
Carus 282-283
Numerianus 283-284
Diocletian 284-305
Galerius 305-311
Licinius 308-324
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